-Rav Moshe ben Amram Greenwald of Chust, the Arugas Habosem (1915). A disciple of Rebbe Yusha Rokeach of Belz. His son, Rav Rav Yaakov Yechezkiya, became the Pupa Rebbe.
-Rav Simcha Bunim Ehrenfeld of Mattersdorf, son of Rav Shmuel Ehrenfeld. Rosh Yeshiva of the Chasam Sofer yeshiva. Author of Ma’aneh Simcha (1926)
-Don Yosef Hanasi
-Rav Shmuel, son of Rav Yitzchak Isaac Yankowitz, Rishon LeZion Rebbe (1999)
-Rav Shalom Noach Brazovsky, the Slonimer Rebbe (1911-2000). Born in Baranovich (today in Belarus), where his father, Rav Moshe Avraham, was the Rosh Hakahal. Baranovich was the home of the Slonimer Rebbe, Rav Avraham Weinberg, and his yeshiva, Toras Chessed. (Rav Weinberg, known as the “Bais Avraham,” was a great-grandson and namesake of the first Slonimer Rebbe, known as the “Yesod Ha’avodah.” Rav Brazovsky’s mother was a granddaughter of Rav Hillel, a brother of the “Yesod Ha’avodah.”) The future Rav Brazovsky studied in Yeshivas Toras Chessed under its rosh yeshiva, Rav Avraham Shmuel Hirshovitz (a grandson of Rav Eliezer Gordon of Telz), and its mashgiach, Rav Moshe Midner (a grandson of the “Yesod Ha’avodah” and a student of Rav Chaim “Brisker” Soloveitchik). He thus absorbed Talmudic studies in the Lithuanian style with traditional chassidic teachings. Shortly before his own passing in 1933, the Bais Avraham recommended to his cousin, Rav Avraham Weinberg of Teveryah that he take Rav Brazovsky as a son-in-law. (Rav Avraham’s brother was the father of Rav Yaakov Weinberg, the late rosh yeshiva of Ner Israel, and Rav Noach Weinberg, founder of Aish Hatorah.) On Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan, 1941, Rav Brazovsky opened the Slonimer yeshiva in Yerushalayim. With the exception of the Yesod Ha’avodah, none of the Slonimer Rebbes or their predecessors, the rebbes of Lechovitch and Kobrin, committed their teachings to writing. As part of his effort to rejuvenate Slonimer chassidus, Rav Brazovsky was responsible for collecting the oral traditions ascribed to these leaders in works such as Divrei Shmuel and Toras Avos. Rav Brazovsky also authored many volumes of his own teachings, including the seven-volume Nesivos Shalom. Rav Brazovsky served as the Slonimer Rebbe from his father-in- law’s death in 1981.
Today in History – 7 Av
· Nevuzaradan enters the city of Yerushalayim to conquer it, 420 BCE
· Pope Nicholas III ordered Jews to attend sermons on conversion, 1278.
· Jews of Valencia, Spain were massacred, 1391
· Don Yosef Nasi, Duke of Naxos, dies in 1579, putting an end to plans to resettle Teveria. A nephew and son-in-law of Donna Gracia, this rich merchant fled Portugal and re-established himself in Turkey. Among his efforts to help fleeing Marranos was a plan to resettle Teveria.
· The execution of Czar Nicholas II, 1918 by the Bolshevik revolutionaries, among whom were many Jews, brought an end to the Romanov dynasty. The Romanov dynasty had hatched scheme after scheme in the preceeding 70 years to deJudaize and convert the Jews in Russia, and achieved success particularly among the Jews in the large Russian cities. But instead of turning the deJudaized Jews into faithful Russian Orthodox believers, the secularized Jews joined revolutionary anti-Czarist groups – particularly the Bolsheviks — and ended up murdering the Czar and his family, sealing the fate of the entire Romanov dynasty.
· The Final Solution was officially undertaken by the Nazis, under orders of Goering, 1941.