Rav Yoel Baal Shem (1713)
Rav Avraham Danzig, author of Chayei Adam and Chachmas Adam (1748-1820). Born in Danzig (Gdansk), he learned at the yeshiva in Prague under Rav Yechezkel Landau. He settled in Vilna. He was related by marriage to the Vilna Gaon. He studied in Prague. It appears that he lived in Vilna for most of his life where he served as a dayan – judge. Other sefarim he authored include Zichru Toras Moshe – an introduction to the laws of Shabbos, Kitzur Sefer Chareidim – an abridgement of the classic Sefer Chareidim by Rabbi Elazar Ezkari, and Toldos Adam – a commentary on the Passover Hagadah.
Rav Baruch Raphael Soloveichik
Rav Tzvi Hirsch Halberstadt (the Maharshashach), the Kos Hayeshuos, great-grandfather of the Chasam Sofer (1747).
Today in History – 4 Tishrei
· Soviet forces invaded Poland, more than two weeks after Nazi Germany launches its assault there, 1939