Today’s Yahrtzeits & History – 22 Kislev


yahrtzeit-candleRav Eliezer Ashkenazi, author of Ma’asei Hashem (1512-1585). Born in Turkey, he studied with Rav Yosef Taitatzak (1465-1546) in Salonica. He served as a rabbi in Egypt from 1538 to 1561. For unknown

reasons, he was compelled to leaved, serve in Famagusta, Cyprus, then to Venice, Italy. Due to a disagreement with Rav Shmuel Yehudah Katzenellengogen, he moved to Prague, where he helped develop the chevra kadisha, on which others are based. After a year, he moved back to Italy and lived in Cremona. In 1578, he moved to Posen, Poland and took his final post. He retired to Cracow, where he lived hism last few years.

Rav Meshulem Mirels, father-in-law of the Chacham Tzvi (1686).

Rav Pinchas of Ostroha (1805).

Rav Yechezkel Panet, Av Bais Din of De’esh (Dezh), Chief Rabbi of Transylvania and author of Mar’eh Yechezkel and Kenesses Yechezkel. (1929)

Rav Yoel Ashkenazi of Zlotchov (1906), brother-in-law of Rav Yosef Yoel Deutsch of Kretchinef, Hungary, author of Yad Yosef (1859).

Rav Chaim Kesar (Chassar), Rav in the Yemenite community in Israel (1997)

Rav Shalom Mordechai Schwadron, Yerushalmi maggid (1913-1997), brother-in-law of Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach. He was named for his grandfather, the Maharsham, the leading posek in Galicia before World War I. He lost his father at age seven, and for a time lived in an orphanage. After his bar mitzvah he studied in the Lomzer Yeshiva in Petach Tikvah, and later in the Chevron Yeshiva in Yerushalayim under Rav Yehuda Leib Chasman. After his marriage, he continued his studies in Kollel Ohel Torah. The kollel’s members included Rav Yosef Shalom Elyashiv and Rav Shmuel Wosner. In addition to his renown as a maggid, he published approximately 25 of his grandfather’s works, as well as Lev Eliyahu (of Rab Elya Lopian), and the writings of Rav Chasman, Ohr Yohel.

Rav Yosef Chaim Klein – Born in New York, he learned at Torah Vodaas. His rebbe muvhack was Rav Shlomo Heiman. He subsequently learned under Rav Reuven Grozovsky at Beis Midrash Elyon in Monsey. His last 40 years were spent as menahel of the mesivta of the Mirrer Yeshiva in Brooklyn. (1922-2004)

Today in History – 22 Kislev

· Avraham the Ger, born in Bavaria, was burned at the stake in Zeintzach, Germany for converting to Judaism, 1265.
· Charles IV issued letters of protection for the Jews of Strasbourg. Two years later, mobs burned 1000 Jews and forced many others to shmad, 1357.
· Abudraham’s Siddur first published in Lisbon, 1489.
· The king of Denmark invited the Jews of Amsterdam to settle in Norway and enjoy religious freedom, 1622.
· House-to-house inspection for Jews in Paris by Germans, 1941.

{Yahrtzeits licensed to by Manny Saltiel and Newscenter}


  1. (This comment is about yesterday, 21 Kislev. As the Matzav article for yesterday’s information though, is now long past, I will place this comment here, with the next day’s article. IY’H, next year, B’li Neder, I will make sure to have it posted in the exact day’s article.)

    In the year 1941, yesterday’s date of 21 Kislev was December 11, which was four days after the devastating bombing of Pearl Harbor. Adolf Hitler, Yimach Shemo V’Zichro, in tremendous euphoria over the attack, had already decided that he would join Japan in its new war with the U.S. On this day, he gave a long rambling speech to the Reichstag, in which he blammed the United States for the international conflicts. He further announced that there had been that day in Berlin a joint declaration — by Germany, Italy, and Japan — of war on the United States. 

    In response, President Roosevelt sent a message to Congress, which in turn, by unanimous* votes, issued declarations of war on Germany and Italy.  (*The congresswoman who had voted against the Japan declaration, this time merely abstained.) The day thus marked the full entry of the United States into World War II.

    (December 7, 1941, with its Pearl Harbor event, is always presented as the day when the U.S. was “plunged” into WWII. The truth though is, that as at that moment the fight was just with Japan, the U.S. then really had only one foot in the door. When on December 11, there were the official declarations with the other enemy axis powers of Germany and Italy, the U.S. was now fully in the war.)

  2. Is this the Avraham Hager who is buried next to the Vilna Goan?

    I thought his Yartzeit was the Second day of Shavous?

    If its possible please clarify.

    Either Way May it be in his Zchus that Klal Yisrael Should Be Zoche To Kedusha V’Tahara and Yiras Shomayim.

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