Today’s Yahrtzeits & History – 18 Kislev



Rabbeinu Avraham ben HaRambam, the only son of the Rambam, born to him by his second wife. Born in Fostat, Egypt (1186-1238). Author of Hamaspik L’avdei Hashem.

Rav Aryeh Leib Darshan of Posen (1736)

Rav Baruch of Mezhbizh (1756 [or 1753] -1811), son of Rav Yechiel Ashkenazi and Adel, the only daughter of the Baal Shem Tov. Educated by Rav Pinchas of Koritz and the Maggid of Mezritch, he began serving as Rebbe in Tulchin. After the passing of his older brother, the Degel Machane Ephraim in 1798, Rav Baruch settled in Mezhibizh.

Rav Yekusiel Shmelke of Sassov (1857)

Rav Yosef Yitzchak of Ovritch, son of the Tzemach Tzedek of Lubavitch, and father of Rebbitzen Shterna Sarah who was the wife of the Rebbe RaShaB (1877).

Rav Mordechai Alishberg of Boisk (1889)

Rav Chaim Tzvi Ehrenreich, author of ShU”T Kav Chaim (1875-1936). Born in Savrantz, his grandfather was Rav Avraham Yehuda Scwartz, the Kol Aryeh. His primary teacher was brother, Rav Shlomo Zalman Ehrenreich, Rav of Shamlau and author of Lechem Shlomo. Rav Chaim Tzvi became Rav of the Mahd community when he was 57, succeeding his father-in-law. He was also Av Beis Din of Mahd for over thirty years. In 1923, he published Ketzeit Hamteh on the mateh Ephraim (by Rav Ephraim Zalman Margulies of Brodt) on the halachos of Chodesh Elul and Chodesh Tishrei. In 1932, he published Shaarei Chaim on Shaarei Epharim, dealing with halachos of krias Hatorah. His magnus opus, Kav Chaim, comprised 102 (gematria of Kav) Teshuvos in practical halacha.

Rav Eliezer Zev Rosenbaum of Rackov (1998)

Rav Tzvi Menachem Teller, Rosh Yeshiva at the Bais Medrash L’Torah (Skokie Yeshiva) (1951-2007). His parents were Gerrer Chasidim from distinguished lineage, descended from Rav Yitzchok of Vorki. Upon advice of the Gerrer Rebbe, the Bais Yisrael, young Tzvi Teller went to a Lithuanian style Yeshiva. He learned at the Ponovezh Yeshiva for seven years as a talmid of Rav Dovid Povarsky and Rav Shmuel Rozovsky. After marrying, the couple moved to Seattle where Rav Tzvi became a principal for 3 years. In 1975, they then moved to Skokie.

Today in History – 18 Kislev

· Isaac De Castro Tartas was burned at the stake in Lisbon in 1647 at the age of 21. Although he was a Dutch citizen, he was condemned when he refused to accept Christianity.
· Catherine II of Russia permitted all foreigners except Jews to settle and travel in Russia, 1762.
· A decree in Strasbourg outlaws the performance of bris milah and the wearing of beards. All books in Hebrew are ordered to be burned, 1793.
· The first Kibbutz, Degania, was established in pre-state Israel, 1909, by Aaron David Gordon (1856-1922), who was considered the visionary of the militantly secular kibbutz movement. In 2005, breaking with its lengthy secular tradition, Degania opened its first synagogue.
· Polish forces attack Jews of Lvov, 1918.
· Hermann Goering announced consideration of Madagascar as a home for European Jewry, 1938.
· Extermination Camp in Chelmo opened, 1941.
· First intifada starts in Israeli-administered areas, 1987.

{Yahrtzeits licensed to by Manny Saltiel and Anshe .org/ Newscenter}


  1. Rabbi Avraham ben HaRambaM was about 19 years old when he took over after his father’s passing as head of the Kehilla in Cairo/Fostat.

    He authored, in addition to HaMaspik LeOvdei Hashem a sefer called (milchamos Hashem)*. In it he takes up arms to defend his father the RambaM on his approach to Derash etc. This during the famous dispute in Europe concerning the RambaM’s works the Moreh Nevuchim and Sefer Hamada) and greek studies in general.

    Rabbi Avraham also authored many Teshuvos, again in defense of his father’s positions and pesakim** whether in the Sefer Hamitzvos or in Halacha as it pertained to the Mishne Torah.

    * The title milchamos Hashem has been used by many Rabbonim

    Milchamos Hashem: Rabbi Avraham Ben haRambaM
    Milchamos Hashem: The RambaN
    Milchamos Hashem: Rabbi Levi Ben Gerhom (RalbaG)
    Milchamos Hashem: Rav Yichye Kapach (Yemen)

    ** Most notably quoted by the Kesef Mishne regarding Kiddushei Kesef where he brings Rabbi Avraham be HarambaM (Hilchos Ishus 1:1-4)


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