Chur, son of Kalev and Miriam, killed by the erev rav for his protest against making the Egel. (1309 or 1312 BCE)
Rav Shimon Moshe Diskin (1932-1999), son of Rav Yoshua Zelig Diskin, rav of Periaslov (Ukraine) and Pardes Chana, and grandson of Rav Shimon Moshe Diskin. He learned at Ponevezh and the Kaminetz-Knesses Beis Yitzchak kollel. He served for 26 years as one of the roshei yeshiva of Yeshivas Kol Torah.
Rav Avraham Yehoshua Heschel, the Kapischnitzer Rebbe (1888-1967). Named after the Apta Rov, the Oheiv Yisrael, of whom he was a direct descendant, he was born in Husyatin. His maternal grandfather was Rav Mordechai Shraga of Husyatin, son of Rav Yisrael of Ruzhin. When he was six years old, the family moved to Kapitshnitz, where his father, Rav Yitzchak Meir, opened a Beis Medrash. He moved with his father to Vienna at the outbreak of World War I, and succeeded his father on the first day of Rosh Hashana 1936, his father’s petira. Only two years after Reb Avraham Yehoshua became Rebbe, Jewish life was shattered by the German occupation of Vienna. The Rebbe was seized and forced to clean the streets to the amusement of the jeering Germans. On his arrival in America, the Rebbe settled in the Lower East Side of New York. The Rebbe was among the founding members of Chinuch Atzmai (semi-private religious school system in Israel), together with Reb Aharon Kotler. One of his most faithful followers was the Ponovezher Rav, Reb Yosef Kahaneman.
Rav Aharon Yosef Bakst , Rav of Shavel (1867-1941). Born in Ivye, as a young man in Volozhin, he caught the eye of Rabbi Yitzchak Blazer. He eventually moved to Kelm where he became attached to Reb Simcha Zissel Ziv. He served in no less than thirteen cities, including Baisagola, Semiatitz, Tzaritzin, Poltave, Seduva, Lomza, and Suwalk. He came to Shavel in 1930. He was killed in the Holocaust together with his son-in-law, Rav Aizik Rabinowitz of Telz. He was the last Rav of Shavel.
Today in History – 16 Tammuz
· The Pope confiscated all manuscripts of the Talmud, 1239.
· Jews expelled from Little Russia, 1740.
· Less then two months after the French, under Napoleon, captured Venice, the ghetto gates were torn down, 1797. A tree of liberty was erected while the local populace danced and celebrated. Then, with the active participation of the newly formed civic guard and some of the local priests, the gates were burned in a bonfire. The ghetto was in existence for 281 years and 3 months.
· Sir Herbert Samuel became first British High-Commissioner of Palestine, 1920.
· A series of terror attacks, perpetrated by a Wahhabi organization, at Naama Bay in the Egyptian resort city of Sharm el-Sheikh. Eighty-eight people were killed, and over 200 were wounded, 2005.