Today’s Yahrtzeits & History – 16 Iyar


flicker_100393-Rav Meir ben Gedaliah of Lublin, author of Maharam on Shas, also known as Meir Einai Chachamim. He was invited to the rabbinate of Cracow in 1587, before the age of 30. In 1591 he became rabbi at Lemberg. In 1613 he became rabbi at Lublin and established a Yeshiva(1558-1616)
-Rav Shmuel Waldberg of Yaroslav (1856).
-Rav Yechiel Michel Feinstein (1906-2003), born to Rav Avraham Yitzchak in Uzda, Lithuania. At the age of seven Yechiel Michel lost his father and went to live with his grandfather, Rav Dovid Feinstein, the rov of Stravin, Byelorussia. There he learned with his grandfather and uncles, Rav Moshe and Rav Mordechai. After his bar mitzvah he traveled to Slutsk to learn under Rav Isser Zalman Meltzer. When the Bolsheviks arrived, the yeshiva was forced to flee Lithuania, to Kletsk, Poland. There, he continued his studies with Rav Meltzer and Rav Aharon Kotler. After three years, he moved to Mir to learn with Yeruchom Leibovitz. He also learned in Brisk, Grodno, and Vilna. He escaped Europe for America in 1941, traveling together with Rav Aharon Kotler. Upon his arrival he opened a yeshiva in Boston for the talmidim of Yeshivas Mir. Six months later his uncle, Rav Moshe Feinstein, summoned Rav Yechiel Michel to serve at his side as head of Yeshivas Tiferes Yerushalayim in New York. He was to spend the next sixty years there. During a brief trip to Eretz Yisrael in 1946, he married a daughter of the Brisker Rav, Lifsha.
-Rav Tzvi Hirsch Rosenbaum (1919-2006). He was a great great grandson of Rav Mordechai of Nadvorno. Born in Sighet in Romania’s Marmorosh region, he went to study at Yeshivas Ohr Torah in Stanislav after his Bar Mitzvah. There he became close to Rav Dovid Halevi Ish Horowitz, author of Imrei Dovid. The day after Purim 1944, the Germans entered Sighet, quickly setting up a ghetto. On 3 Iyar, the Germans took away Rab Tzvi Hirsh’s grandfather, the Kretchinefer Rebbe, and the entire family, sending them to Auschwitz. After six weeks there, Rav Tzvi Hirsch was transferred to a forced labor camp in Shuterberg where he worked in the kitchen. On Tisha B’Av 1945, he arrived in Eretz Yisrael. And opened his first Beis Midrash in Batei Ungarin. In 1975, he opened a Beis Midrash in Bnai Brak and in 1980, another one in Yerushalayim. Rav Tzvi Hirsch was a true talmid chochom in both nigla and nistar, and many miracles are ascribed to him. He was succeeded by his son Rav Zeidel Rosenbaum (Kretshniff Rebbe in New York) and his son Rav Nissan Chaim Rosenbaum (Kretchnif-Sighit Rebbe in Yerushalayim) He also left many dedicated talmidim.Today in History – 16 Iyar
· The Roman legion under Florus plundered Yerushalayim and killed 3600 Jews, 66 C.E.
· Titus recaptured the middle wall of Yerushalayim and razed it, 70 C.E.
· Anti-Jewish riots in Odessa, Russia, 1881
· Anti-Jewish riots in Algeria, 1897.
· Construction began on the first 100 houses to be built in Achuzat Bayit (later known as Tel Aviv), 1909.
· The Nuremburg anti-Jewish laws went into effect in Hungary, 1939.
· The U.S. 7th Army liberated the Dachau concentration camp, 1945.
· Israeli spy Eli Cohen hung in Damascus, 1962.

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