Today’s Yahrtzeits and History – 5 Cheshvan


yahrtzeit-candlesRav Tzvi Hirsh Kalisher

Rav Moshe Birdogo, son of Rav Avraham. Rav Moshe resided in western Morocco and was known asthe Rosh Mashbir (1730)

Rav Avraham Halevi Zions, rosh yeshivas Knesses Yisrael in New York

Rav Avraham Rice, pioneer of the Baltimore Jewish community and founder of one of the first Hebrew schools in the U.S.

Today in History – 5 Cheshvan

· Pogrom against Alexandria’s Jews and their expulsion from the city by the Christian rabble incited by Bishop Carilius, 413 CE
· Jews massacred in Beit Shean by Greeks, 333 BCE
· 200 Jews massacred in Germany, 1298
· Pope Gregory X condemns the libel of Jews for ritual murder, 1272
· Jews of Landau, Germany, ordered to wear yellow badge, 1468
· Hebrew became one of the official languages used in British Mandate courts, 1920

{Yahrtzeits licensed to by Manny Saltiel and Newscenter}



    BERDUGO , family name of many distinguished rabbis in Morocco, chiefly in Meknès. According to tradition, the family was of Davidic descent through the exilarch Bustanai. *yaḤya (or Ḥiyya) berdugo (d. 1617) endorsed an ordinance in Fez in 1605, later left for Tetuán and was nominated deputy rabbi there in 1614. A Yaḥya Berdugo was known in Meknès about the same time but it is not certain whether they are identical or not. moses ben abraham, called “Mashbir” (c. 1679–1730), was head of the rabbinical court in Meknès, where the Berdugos settled after leaving Fez. Famous for his sense of justice (compilation Or ha-Ḥayyim to Deut. 1:15), he was the author of Rosh Mashbir, novellae on the Pentateuch and on some of the Talmud tractates (1840); Kenaf Renanim I, commentaries and novellae to the Bible (1909), and Kenaf Renanim ii, an anthology of homilies (1932); and Divrei Moshe, responsa (1947). …


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