By Rabbi Berach Steinfeld
Why is Megillas Esther named after Esther and not named after Mordechai? It would seem like it should have been called Megillas Mordechai since Mordechai Hatzaddik was involved in its writing as the posuk in Esther, Perek Tes, posuk chof tes says that both Esther and Mordechai wrot
There are a couple of explanations for why it is actually called Megillas Esther. The Sefer Maharya in Parshas Vo’eschanan explains that since Esther was moser nefesh to save the Jews by approaching the king despite not being called she merited having the Megillah called after her. This is what we see in the Gemara in Megillah, daf zayin, amud alef when Esther sent a message to the Chachamim to establish her Megillah for the future. She requested that the Yidden should celebrate a Yom Tov and Rashi says that part of Esther’s request was that the Megillah should be called by her name.
The Yaaros Dvash asks the following question. Mordechai was moser nefesh by not bowing down to the tzelem around Haman’s neck so why isn’t the Megillah called by his name also? The Yaaros Devash answers that there is a distinction between the mesiras nefesh of Esther and Mordechai
Another explanation that is explained by the Sifsei Chachamim in his hakdama to Meseches Megillah is that Esther was an orphan having lost her father while her mother was pregnant and then her mother died during childbirth while giving birth to her. Despite her being such an underdog, the great salvation of the Yidden came because of her and by her actions. This is a nechama for all people who are downtrodden and feel like they are completely lost. They should strengthen themselves and know that they have the koach to do great things as Esther was able to do. The Gemara in Yuma, daf chof tes, amud alef says that Esther was the “sof -” end of all miracles. It teaches us that even when a person feels like he is at the end of the rope and feels like the end has come, he should be mechazek himself and learn from Megillas Esther that Yeshuas Hashem k’heref ayin.
May we all be zocheh to the geulah k’heref ayin.