Drinking water, which was once viewed as simply a human necessity, has transformed into a very profitable commodity. With a cute advertisement and a colorful label, bottled water companies convince shoppers to purchase something that, in a developed country, can easily be found almost anywhere for free. But bottled water isn’t just a waste of money; it’s a waste of resources too, pumping out plastic pollutants and, in some cases, stealing water from needy 3rd-world countries. Studies have shown that, despite their labels’ boasts of being purified and mineral-enriched, bottled water isn’t that healthy or pure – in fact, it may be less healthy than regular tap water, with chemical additives, bacteria, and even fertilizer runoff.
On average, bottled water costs about $3.79 per gallon – close to the average cost of gasoline. Municipal water, meanwhile, costs less than one cent per gallon. At a time when people are choosing soda, energy drinks, and other unnatural alternatives in greater numbers, it may seem refreshing to know that bottled water still takes a big cut of the beverage market. But with water being so easily and cheaply available, it’s hardly fair to expect health-conscious consumers to pay a 2000% mark-up on a product which they use every day.
What’s so special about bottled water to justify such a massive price hike? Once the cost of shipping, advertising, and employee salaries is taken out of the equation, bottled water companies still need to pay for packaging. According to American Water, although plastic water bottles are recyclable, 38 billion of them are thrown out each year – that’s 85% of all the plastic water bottles in the US, more than even the most committed recycling program can handle. These bottles take up to 1000 years to biodegrade, are an unattractive nuisance, and could be potentially harmful to wildlife. That’s not to mention the fact that roughly 54 million barrels of oil are used every year to manufacture these bottles – oil which you surely would rather have had in your car.
So, is bottled water any safer than tap? Municipal drinking water is subject to a number of safety standards – like minimum levels of poisons and carcinogens – that are enforced by the EPA; the water is tested for up to 100 different contaminants and is regularly sent for lab analysis. Nestle, Wal-Mart, Coca-Cola, and bottled water manufacturers, meanwhile, run their products by the FDA, which isn’t nearly as discriminating. On the rare occasions where the water isn’t just taken from a municipal source -when it isn’t just pricier tap water – it may contain carcinogenic chemicals like bromodichloromethane in the packaging or in the water itself. Bottled water is also heavily treated with disinfectants, which can react with other chemicals to form byproducts called trihalomethanes, leading to cancer and birth defects.
When bottled water isn’t taken from the tap, it comes from the company reserves – which aren’t atop a glacier, as the label might suggest. Bottled water companies often buy the rights to ponds, lakes, rivers, and springs, damming and diverting the flow of water to suit their needs. This is an especially common practice in impoverished & undeveloped countries, where land can be purchased for much less and public health & safety standards tend to be lower. Obviously, shipping water in bulk from one country to another has serious ecological consequences – it can harm plant and animal, make the land infertile, and even contribute to human death & dehydration.
Bottled water is big business, and without quick action, the day might come when all of our drinking water is given a dollar value. But luckily, the concerned consumer has some options at his disposal. If you purchase bottled water because you dislike the taste of tap, try using a water filter, and an eco-friendly bottle when you’re on the go. And if you have serious concerns about the quality and safety of your local tap water, contact your city officials as soon as possible – don’t try to sidestep the problem with bottled water. You can start the fight against the global bottled water scam at home, today – it’s as simple as turning on a faucet.
- Bennett, Andrea. “The Bottled vs. Tap Debate Revs Up.” Liberty Mutual. responsibility-project.libertymutual.com. 17 March 2011.
- Naidenko, Olga, et al. “Bottled Water Contains Disinfection Byproducts, Fertilizer Residue, and Pain Medication.” The Environmental Working Group. ewg.org. October 2008.
- “Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update.” US Energy Information Administration. eia.gov. 2012.