Rabbeinu Asher ben Yechiel, the Rosh (1250-1327). One of the three primary rishonim on whom the Rav Yosef Karo relied for the Shulchan Aruch. Rav Asher’s family traced its lineage to Rabbeinu Gershon. Rav Asher learned under Rav Meir of Rotenberg. After 10 years as the successor of Rav Meir and the leader of German Jewery, he escaped German persecution and settled in Toledo, Spain.
Rav Yosef Yehuda Leib Bloch (1860-1930). Born in Rusein, he succeeded his father-in-law, Rav Eliezer Gordon, as Rosh Yeshiva of the Telshe Yeshiva. Telz is one of the oldest towns in Lithuania, situated in the north-western part of Lithuania on the shores of Lake Mastis, and was already mentioned in the chronicles of a Crusader Order in 1320. Jews settled in Telz at the beginning of the 17th century. 2,500 people lived in Telz in 1797, of them 1,650 were Jews (66%). By 1870 Telz had 6,481 residents, including 4,399 Jews. Reb Yosef Leib already began studying under Reb Leizer at the age of 15, in Kelm and married Reb Leizer’s daughter at the age of 21. Reb Yosef Leib initiated many innovations. In 1894, he attempted to introduce Mussar to the yeshiva’s curriculum, and in 1897 he brought Rabbi Yehuda Leib Chasman zt”l to serve as the yeshiva’s Mashgiach.
Rav Shimon Shkop of Grodno (1860-1939). Born in Turz, Poland, Rav Shimon studied in Mir at the age of 12, and then Volozhin at the age of 15, with Rabbi Chaim Soloveitchik. He was brought to Telshe in 1885 by his uncle, Rav Lazer Gordon. Rav Shimon’s brother-in-law, Rav Shlomo Zalman Abel, was one of the three founders of the Telshe Yeshiva. He taught at Telshe for 18 years. He succeeded Rav Alter Shmuelevicz as Rosh Yeshiva of Yeshiva Shaarei Torah in Grodno, from 1920 to 1939, transforming it into one of the finest yeshivos in Poland and beyond. In 1929, Rav Shimon Shkop came to America to raise funds for the yeshiva, and accepted R’ Dov (Bernard) Revel’s invitation to serve as rosh yeshiva of Yeshiva Rabbeinu Yitzchak Elchanan in New York. However, at the request of the Chafetz Chaim, Rav Shkop returned to Europe after six months. In 1939, the Soviet Red army marched into Grodno during the Asseres Yemei Teshuva. Most of the talmidim fled to Vilna,
but Rav Shimon Shkop was too old and sick to travel and remained behind with a few talmidim. He passed away a month later. Rav Shimon Shkop was the author of Shaarei Yosher.
Rav Yehuda Horowitz, the Stutchiner Rebbe (1981).
Rav Dovid Laniado of Aram Soba (Aleppo, Syria), author of LeKodshim Asher Ba’Aretz
Today in History – 9 Cheshvan
· The Roman army of Cestius Gallus was entirely annihilated in Yerushalayim, bringing great relief to the Jews, 67 CE.
· Rambam reaches Chevron, and davens at Me’oras HaMachpelah, 1165. He declares the day a Yom Tov for his family and makes seudas hoda’ah.
· Earthquake with hundreds of fatalities in Tzfas, 1759 (1767, according to Hamodia)
· Sultan of Turkey forbids ritual charges against Jews, 1840.
Jews of Sweden allowed to acquire land, 1860.
The Berlin-Rome Axis is formed between the fascist governments of Germany and Italy, 1936.
Yitzchak Rabin, Shimon Peres and Yasser Arafat are awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, 1994.