Yahrtzeits – 22 Elul
Rav Mordechai Dov Ber of Hornesteipel, grandson of the Mitteler Rebbe, author of Haemek Sheelah (1903).
Yahrtzeits – 23 Elul
Rav Yisrael of Pikov, son of Rav Levi Yitzchak of Berditchev (1818)
Rav Uri, the Seraph of Strelisk, author of Imrei Kodesh (1826). A disciple of Rav Shlomo of Karlin and of Rav Mordechai of eshchiz, he was the brother-in-law of Rav Menachem Mendel of Kosov. His main disciple was Rav Yehuda Zvi Hirsch, the first of the Stretyn dynasty.
Rav Yosef Baabad, the Minchas Chinuch (a commentary on Sefer Hachinuch), Rav of Tarnapol, Poland (1874). His “last name” is an acronym for B’nei Av Beit Din.
Rav Yitzchak Menachem Danziger, the Alexander Rebbe, author of Akeidas Yitzchak, killed in Treblinka with eightof his children (1942)
Rav Meir Yehuda Getz, Rav of the Kosel and Rosh Yeshivas Beit El (1924-1995). After one of his sons, a paratrooper, was killed in the battle for Jerusalem during the 1967 Six Day War, Rav Getz moved to the Old City and settled in the Jewish Quarter. He established a yeshiva there, and took up the duties he held until his death. In July 1981 Rav Getz was constructing a new synagogue behind the Wall that would face the Temple Mount. While the construction was going on, workers accidentally discovered Warren’s Gate and an open area behind it that they believed to be from the First Temple period.
Rav Nachman Dovid Dubinky (1911-2006). Born in The Old City of Yerushalayim, where his father came after leaving Russia as a Breslaver chossid. His father was niftar when Rav Nachman was 16 years old. He learned in Yeshivas Eitz Chaim for decades. There, he heard shiurim from Rav Issur Zalman, Rav Aharon Kotler, as well as the Gidulei Shmuel, Rav Shmuel Gedalya Neiman, and the Darkei Dovid, Rav Mordechai Dovid Levine. Rav Nachman lived in Bais Yisrael and a few other places, before settling in Botei Machsa when he and his Rebbetzin got married in 1932, after which they moved to Botei Natan where he lived for the next 70 years. Rav Nachman’s occupation through the years was sitting and learning Torah.
Today in Histroy – 22 Elul
· First Jewish fighting force of modern times was established – the Jewish regiment with the Polish Revolutionary Army, 1794.
· In the bloodiest battle day in U.S. history, Union and Confederate forces fought in the Civil War Battle of Antietam at Sharpsburg, Maryland, 1862. It was the first major battle on Northern soil. Antietam resulted in nine times as many Americans killed or wounded (23,000 soldiers) as took place on June 6, 1944–D-day, the so-called “longest day” of World War II. More soldiers were killed and wounded at the Battle of Antietam than the deaths of all Americans in the Revolutionary War, War of 1812, Mexican War, and Spanish-American War combined.
· Jews of Homel, Russia massacred, 1903.
· Germanyoccupied Cracow, 1939.
· 9000 Jews of Slonim, Russia murdered by the Nazis, 1941.
· Destruction of the town of Berditchev, when the Nazis shot 30,000 mean, women, and children, and dumped their bodies into open pits over two days (Elul 22-23)
Today in History – 23 Elul
· A monk who converted to Judaism was burned at the stake in Rome, 1553.
· First U.S. Jewish army chaplain, Rabbi Jacob Frankel, appointed in 1862.
· Liquidation of the Vilna Ghetto, 1943.
· Terrorists crash airplanes into the World Trade Center in New York and the Pentagon in Washington, D.C. 2001, waking the entire world up to the fact that a core of Muslim zealots are waging a war for global jihad, with hundreds of millions of their coreligionists silently supporting them. While most of the world mourns and expresses outrage on 9/11, thousands of Palestinians take to the streets to celebrate.