Birth and yahrtzeit of Yosef ben Yaakov Avinu (1561-1451 BCE). According to most opinions, however, the actual date was 1 Tammuz.
Rav Yitzchak Charif of Sambur (1833), author of Sheilos U’teshuvos Pnei Yitzchak and Ha’elef Lecha Shlomo. He was the son of Rav Moshe of Dregatchin, author of Maggid Mishneh on Mishnas Chassidim.
Rav Nachum Tarbitch, author of Kovetz HaRambam (1848).
Rav Yaakov Shaul Elisher of Yerushalayim, author of Yisa Ish, Yisa Bracha, and other sefarim (1906).
Rav Yaakov Adess, born in Yerushalayim (1898-1963), the youngest of his father’s four sons. He received his early education from his father, Rav Avraham Chaim Adess. In 1910, his father placed him in Yeshivas Ohel Moed, where he learned under Rav Raphael Shlomo Laniado and Rav Yosef Yedid Halevi. There, he stayed as magid shiur from 1920-1923, when the yeshiva closed. He moved with Rav Laniado to Porat Yosef, first as magid shiur and later as Rosh Yeshiva. Most of his writings on Shas were destroyed when the Jordanians captured the Old City in 1948. At the end of 1945, Rav Adess was appointed as av beis din in Yerushalayim. In 1955, he was chosen to serve on the Chief Rabbinate’s Beis Din Hagodol.
Rav Shmuel (ben Michel Dovid) Rozovsky (1913-1979), born in Grodna to Rav Michel Dovid (Rav of Grodna for 40 years) and Sarah Pearl, daughter of Rav Avraham Gelburd, who had served as Grodna’s previous rav for almost 50 years. At a very young age, he began to study in the Shaar HaTorah Yeshiva of Grodna, under Rav Shimon Shkop, eventually becoming his talmid muvhak. In 1935, his father was niftar, and the gedolei Torah urged Rav Shmuel to succeed him. However, he was drafted into the Russian army and moved to Eretz Yisrael. There he began studying in the Lomza Yeshiva in Petach Tikvah. In 1944, Rav Yosef Shlomo Kahaneman opened the Ponovezh Yeshiva and chose Rav Shmuel, only 30 at the time, to head the yeshiva. Later on, he was joined by Rav Dovid Povarsky and Rav Elazar Menachem Man Shach. Subsequently, he was asked by Rav Kahaneman to head the newly founded Grodna Yeshiva in Ashdod.
Rav Elimelech Ehrlich (1914-1989), a seventh generation Karlin chossid, was born in the town of Kodznahorodok, next to Stolin, not far from the border of Poland and Russia. During WW II, his family moved to Samarkand. There, he composed Yiddish niggunim for the many Jewish refugees, cheering their broken hearts. His role in life was thus fixed. After the war, in Paris, Rav Yom Tov discovered a new brand of fire which began to kindle in his heart: Novardok. He later mved to New York, and then to Eretz Yisrael.
Rav Mordechai (ben Yitzchak) Twersky, Skverer Rebbe of Flatbush (1924-2007). Born in Kishinev, he moved with his family to America when he was four months old. When his father was niftar in 1941, Rav Mordechai and his brother, Rav Dovid, ran their father’s beis midrash in Boro Park. Rav Mordechai opened the Skverer beis midrash in 1970.
Today in History – 27 Tammuz
· Pope Innocent III promulgated a Church doctrine that the Jews were doomed to perpetual servitude and subjugation because they had killed J.C., 1205. (The charge of deicide against the Jews was not officially removed from Church doctrine until 1963. There are still many Christians who believe in the guilt of the Jews, and who act upon that belief.)
· The third expulsion of the Jews of France, 1322.
· Jews of Rome were forced into a ghetto by order of Pope Paul IV, 1555.
· Baruch Laibov and Alexander Voznitzin were burned alive in St. Petersburg, Russia, with the approval of Empress Anna Johanova, 1738. Voznitzin, a Russian naval captain, was guilty of the crime of converting to Judaism and Laibov was guilty of helping him.
· Jews of Holstein, Germany were granted equality, 1893.
· The first and only successful hijacking of an El Al aircraft – – heading from Rome to Israel – took place when a Boeing 707 jet carrying 10 crew members and 38 passengers was taken over by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, 1968. The terrorists diverted the plane to Algiers. Most of the passengers were released quickly. Seven crew members and five Israeli male passengers were held hostage for five weeks and released after 40 days of negotiation.