Rav Yosef Shlomo Kahaneman, Rosh Yeshiva of Ponovezh (1886-1969). Born in Kuhl, Lithuania, a small town of about 500 of which about a third were Jews. At the age of 14 he went to the Telshe Yeshiva, where he learned until he was twenty. He then spent a half year in Novardok, after which he spent three years in Radin under the Chafetz Chaim. He married the daughter of the Rav of Vidzh, and took over there at the end of 1911, when his father-in-law became the Rav of Wilkomir. With the passing of Rav Itzele Rabinowitz on the 21st of Adar I in 1919, Rav Yosef Shlomo Kahaneman was appointed the new rav of Ponevezh at the age of 33. He was elected to the Lithuanian parliament. He immigrated to Israel in 1940 and built Kiryat HaYesHiva in Bnai Brak and Batei Avot orphanages.
Rav Eliyahu Lopian (1872-1970), author of Lev Eliyahu; mashgiach of Kelm; Rosh Yeshiva of Yeshiva Etz Chaim in London, and mashgiach at Kfar Chassidim. R’ Shalom Schwadron (1911-1997) was one of his talmidim. After having dedicated 25 years of his life to Yeshivas Eitz Chaim, Reb Elyah passed the leadership of the yeshiva over to Rav Greenspan. Reb Elyah moved to Israel in 1950, when he was 76 years old.
Rav Moshe Aryeh Freund, Av Beis Din of Yerushalayim. Born in Honiad, Hungary, to Rav Yisrael Freund, Av Beis Din of Honiad, and Sara, the daughter of the Rav of Honiad, Rav Zev Goldberger. He could trace his family back to the Rema, the Maharshal, the Shach, and the Beis Yosef. When he was 16, he married his cousin, the daughter of Rav Baruch Goldberger. Before World War II, he served as Rosh Yeshiva in Satmar. In 1944, he was taken to Auschwitz, where his wife and nine children were murdered. In 1951, he settled in Yerushalayim as Rav of the Satmar community. In 1969, he was invited to preside over the beis din of the Eida Hachareidis (1894-1996)
Today in History – 20 Elul
· Order by Charles VI to expel the Jews of France, 1394.
· Copies of the Gemara were burned by the Inquisition, 1553
· Germanyoccupied Kalisz, a city in Poland with a Jewish population of 30,000, 1939.
· The Mir Ghetto was liquidated, 1942.