Rav Chaim Benveniste (1603 [or 1599]-1673). A disciple of Rav Yosef Trani. Born in Constantinople, he was appointed Rav of Tita (near Izmir) in 1644. In 1658, he was appointed one of the rabbis of Izmir (Smyrna); he eventually became Chief Rabbi there in the 1660s. He became an adherent of Shabsai Tzvi (1665-67) but subsequently repented. He authored Kenesses HaGedolah, a digest of halachic material from the time of Rav Yosef Caro until his own time.
Rav Nosson Nota Shapiro, maggid of Lublin (1752).
Rav Yosef Yoska of Dubno, author of Yesod Yosef, an encyclopedic work on mussar, drawing heavily on the Zohar (1800). A student of the Maggid of Mezritch.
Rav Dovid Dov Taub, Rav of of Dabrizinsk, author of Binyan Dovid (1899).
Rav Yakov Kopel Reich, Rav of Budapest (1838-1929). Born in the city of Verboi to Rav Avraham Yechezkel, who was the son of Rav Yaakov Kopel Charif, author of Sefer Yaavatz on Chulin. He learned in Pressburg under the Kesav Sofer and in Grossvardein under Rav Yitzchak Aharon Landesberg. In 1860, he succeeded his father-in-law as Rav of Sobotitch. In 1872, he became Rav of Verboi, and in 1890, he was appointed Rav of Budapest.
Today in History – 17 Elul
· 2000 Jews of Caesarea murdered by the local population at the instigation of the Romans, 66 C. E.
· The discovery of the body of a Christian child led to a ritual blood libel and the hanging of many prominent Jews of England, 1255.
· Pogrom in Shedlitz, Russia, 1906.
· The anti-Semitic Nuremberg racial laws were passed by the Nazis, 1935.
· Germanyattacked Poland, 1939, launching World War II, which resulted in the murder of over 6 million Jews and the redistribution of the Jewish population all over the world, with many Jews eventually reaching Eretz Yisrael.
· The three-day hostage siege at a school in Beslan, Russia, ended in bloody chaos after Chechen terrorists set off bombs as Russian commandos stormed the building. More than 330 people – including 186 children – were killed, 2004.