[From Matzav.com’s Daily Halacha Section.] If a child hits another child in school, how should the child respond? Should he hit his classmate back or should he go to the rebbi and tell him what was done to him?
In Sefer Aleihu Lo Yibol (Chinuch 23), it is related that this question was posed to Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach zt”l. Rav Shlomo Zalman said to tell the child to hit his classmate back in order to defend himself and deter the other child from hitting him again. However, said Rav Shlomo Zalman, the child should be told that the purpose of his hitting back is purely to prevent further attacks, and not, chas veshalom, for revenge.